Regenerative agriculture and sustainable livelihood for vulnerable ecosystems.

02. Project Background: Climate Change is possibly the biggest threat to the world’s economic growth and development of recent times. However, the impacts of climate change are uneven and heavily felt by the poor countries. Bangladesh, being a least developed country, is one of the most vulnerable regions in the world to climate change, given its concentration of already poor and food insecure households, due to its heavy reliance on climate-sensitive sectors such as agriculture, and its geographical location (IPCC 2007) .

Climate change is putting immense pressure on agriculture, particularly hampering rice production. Rice is the staple of Bangladesh. It is therefore not surprising of having more than 75% of its cultivable land area occupied under rice production. Various climate change impacts such as recurring flooding, cyclones, salinity intrusion, altered rainfall pattern and drought have negative impact on agriculture production. However, different geographical region experience different climate change impacts due to their biophysical and demographic condition. The

Southern part of Bangladesh, situated on the bank of the Bay of Bengal, is frequently exposed to cyclones. Moreover, sea level rise and consequently salinity intrusion has become a major concern in recent years, which is potentially decreasing total productive area in the Southern region. On the other hand, drought has become a major threat to the Northern part of Bangladesh, which is predominantly a water scarce area. Even though flood is not a new phenomenon, but the intensity and frequency have increased many folds in the central and north- west region and destroying agriculture production to a considerable amount every year.

Many researchers have found the evidence that the agri-sector is badly affected by the impact of climate change and thereby the whole food security scenario is aggravating (Basak, 2009 ; FAO, 2009 ; Roy et al., 2008 ). IPCC (2007) predicts that Rice production could decline by 8% and Wheat production by 23% by 2050 against baseline 1990 under current state of climate change. Roy et al. (2009) show that due to soil moisture stress, rainfed HYV Boro rice and potato are already facing yield reduction and likely to face 4% and 8.7% yield reduction by 2075 compared to baseline year 1990 in Bangladesh. Another research, taking into account the IPCC 4th assessment report (2007) projected temperature rise (1.8 to 4o c), carried by Basak (2009) shows that due to climate change rice yield would be reduced to 1.5%, 2.5%, 4.4% and 5.4% in the year 2020, 2030, 2040, 2050 respectively, if total land area remain constant. Moreover, every year agriculture land is declining by 1% due to conversion to settlements, roads and other infrastructures (Mishra and Hossain, 2005), putting extra pressure to the remaining land for producing food for the huge population.

 

Climate change is likely to increase the frequency and severity of extreme events such as cyclone, floods, hailstorms, droughts and salinity intrusion that threatens various sectors of the economy. Till now some degree of recognition and consequently disperse actions are observed in some region of the Bangladesh.

 

Geographically, Northern and Central region of Bangladesh are flood plain, formed through siltation carried by three mighty rivers namely Padma, Jamuna, Bramhaputra from upstream. Historically, the regions observe flood every year and local ecosystems are influenced by periodic flooding. In spite of people’s sufferings, flood makes the agriculture land fertile through siltation and there by shapes the life and economy of the areas. However, climate change has modified the scenario. Different climate change impacts such as recurring floods, river bank erosion, drought in dry season, salinity increase as a result of back water effect, downing ground water level have been contributing to augment the vulnerability of the regions. Nevertheless, the regions remain outside the ambit of climate change related actions. Contextual analysis suggests that unless urgent actions are taken, climate change will undermine efforts to ensure the food security of the region. Thus, immediate actions by employing innovative approaches on climate change adaptation and community resilience are of utmost importance that simultaneously ensures food security and livelihood stability. Under the circumstances, the proposed project selects Sirajgonj, Gaibandha, Shariatpur and Rajshahai districts due to their graving vulnerability to climate change.

 

Considering experiences on local context, four Non-Government Development Organizations and one research organization grouped together to implement the project. Having long-standing experience in the selected areas, these organisations will implement proposed activites; Ashrai in Rajshashi, Gana Unnayan Kendra (GUK) in Gaibandha, Gono Kalyan Sangstha(GKS) in Sirajgonj, and Shariatpur Development Society (SDS) in Shariatpur; and Unnayan Onneshan will provide technical to the implementing organizations.

 

Having the ultimate goal of making communities more resilient to adverse impact of climate change and to ensure food security the RESOLVE programme aimed at implementing a pilot project in the aforementioned districts for the duration of 2 years (2011-2012), which will follow another two programme phases of 3 years each; phase 1 (2013-2015) and phase 2 (2016-2018). In each phase the model will be replicated and scaled up in different locations in the same AEZs (districts) in phase 1 and in other AEZs (districts) in phase 2. Since a graduation cycle of a household generally takes 3-5 years, therefore each new phase will start replication and /or scaling up keeping continuation with existing beneficiaries through a phase out strategy.

 

The RESOLVE programme has been designed to achieve the goal of making community more resilient to climate shocks while ensuring food security through a combination of intervention strategies: direct poverty reduction through practicing adaptive agriculture techniques and technologies; diversifying livelihoods (on-firm, off-firm and non-firm) of the rural poor; working with grassroots involving civil society; research based lobby and advocacy at various strategic levels (national, regional and global); knowledge and information management; maintaining and/or creating linkages to foster cross- scale learning. Figure 1 presents project’s conceptual framework. The comprehensives of the activities and intended outcomes demand continuous and sustained basis financial flow. However, due to country fund allocation strategy and other funding constraints, Oxfam Novib may not be able to fund to a sufficient amount to implement all the proposed activities. It is, therefore, recommended that both Oxfam Novib and implementing partners will seek for new funds from home and abroad sources for replicating/ scaling up of the

03. Project Goal: To make communities more resilient towards adverse impacts of climate change and increasing food security.

04. Project Objectives:

• To demonstrate food secured adaptive agriculture to climate change

• To diversify livelihood options for reduction in poverty of the climate vulnerable giving more emphasis on women headed households.

• To strengthen community resilience to absorb, recover and reorganize to and from, climate shocks.

• To increase pro-poor and pro-development responsiveness of the government to the climate change.

• To amplify linkages, learning through research based advocacy on cross boarder (regional and international) action for reduction of impacts of climate change and low carbon development pathways.

05. Donor Name: Oxfam-Novib

06. Project Duration: 1st October, 2010- till now

07. Project Working Area: The SDS selected its project area at Nalmuri and Kuchaipatty Union of Gosairhat Ulpazila under Shairatpur district is located at the western of the Meghna southern of the Padma river. Geographically, the Padma, the Meghna, the krittinasha and the Ariyalkha surrounded Shariatpur district. The district is dominated by monsoon climate and temperature recorded at maximum 30.54 and minimum 26.30 degree Celsius. Having a close to couple of rivers and dominance of monsoon climate, the area is subject to multiple climate change impacts such as flood, river bank erosion, and salinity intrusion as a consequence of back water effect, tidal surge and cyclone. Poorest communities are the most vulnerable and bear the burden of climate change mostly.

 

08. Project Target Group: Climatic vulnerability, professions of community and livelihood activities are driving forces to select target group for RESOLVE project. Since objectively the project intended to improve the life and livelihood of the poorer part of the community, therefore small holder, landless and women headed households have been selected as target groups in Nalmori union of Shariatpur district as they are the most vulnerable to climate change in terms of physical, human, natural and social capital.

Table: Target group and their vulnerability to climate change

Right holders Characteristics Vulnerability by Climatic Hazards This Project cover Estimated number of beneficiary (HHs)

(i) Smallholders

 

– Owner of 10 decimal size of farmland

– Cultivating seasonal crops (paddy), chilli & vegetables by own land & other land with share cropping

– Day labouring

– Livestock & poultry rearing – Geographically living in lower part of the meghna river (end side of Barisal , Shariatpur and Chandpur and close with Riverbank of the Meghna)

— Living in poor housing

– Livelihood maintaining by seasonal paddy, chilli & other robi crops cultivation in government khasland, own and share cropping in private owner land

– Every year livelihood faces tidal surge, flood & storms, drought

– Existing livelihood options, household farming, household base IGA & house damaged 100

(ii) Landless

– Daily earning by wages

– off farm & on farm labouring

– Cultivating crops (paddy) and chilli by leases and share cropping

– No own farmland

– Living with kind land (locally called Rayat)

– Isolate Char dwellers

– Seasonal unemployment (jobless)

– Per year income less than 27,000 (306 Euro)

– Livestock & poultry rearing – Geographically living in lower part of the meghna river (end side of the barisa and shariatpur board and close with Riverbank of the Meghna)

– Livelihood maintained by seasonal paddy, chilli & other robi crops cultivation in government khasland and share cropping in private own land

– Every year livelihood faces tidal surge, flood & storms, drought

— Existing livelihood options, household farming, household base IGA & house damaged 100

(iii) fisherman/fisher folk – Fishing labor with landlord fisher man

– No own fishing inputs & logistics

– Fishing in open water sheds/rivers

– Seasonal fishing

– Day labouring in lean period

– per year income less than 20,000 (227 Euro)

– Livestock & poultry rearing – Geographically living in lower part of the meghna river (end side of Barisal , Shariatpur and Chandpur and close with Riverbank of the Meghna)

– Livelihood maintained by fishing

– Some of fisherman seasonally engage for chilli & other robi crops cultivation by share cropping.

– Every year livelihood face by tidal serge, flood & storms, drought

— Existing livelihood options, household farming, household base IGA & house damaged 50

(iii) women headed household – Seasonal crops harvesting (like chilli harvesting)

– Livestock & poultry rearing

– Fishing net sewing

– Making hogla mat

– Made service in other landlord farmers

– Per year income less than 15 thousand ( 170 Euro) – Geographically living in lower part of the meghna river (end side of Barisal , Shariatpur and Chandpur and close with Riverbank of the Meghna)

 

50

 

09. Project Human Resource:

1. Project manager

2. Project officer (monitoring), project officer (agriculture)

3. Project accountant-01

4. Field facilitator -05

5. Support staff-01

 

10. Project Activity:

Sl. No. Major activities

1. New right holders selection

2. Base line survey and Monthly assesment of new 450 right holders

3. Identification of climate adaptive new techniques and technology for agriculture

4. Right holders group formation and mobilization

5. Training workshop to enhance knowledge on adaptation measures of right holders

6. Demonstration plot to introduce climate adaptive agriculture technologies

7. Formation of community base project implementation committees (PIC)

8. Implement new cropping pattern and promote alternative crop production

9. Provide saline and flood, tolerant seed and materials to the farmers

10. Provide support to raised homestead garden

11. Sensitizes about climate change and adaptation

12. Training on saline tolarent (For awareness and Practice)

13. Training on flood tolarent (For awareness and Practice)

14. Module develop Flood and Salinity tolerant cultivation

15. Training on compost preparation

16. Support for compost production plants

17. climate adaptive cropping model (hanging vegetable/manger, year around and floating bed) development

18. Assessment of productive on-farm, off- farm and non- farm income generating activities

19. Skill and knowledge development training on Income Generating Activities (IGA )

20. Materials support to the trained right holder (IGA) (Existing and new RH)

21. Savings accumulation through forming community savings association (formal meeting, saving books, and documents/ materials preparation)

22. Establish free and fair market accessibility through producer group formation ( group session, market linkage, formal meeting, meeting with market vendor)

23. Training on cow rearing through adaptive technology

24. Cow support to the trained rights holders

25. Training on goat rearing through adaptive technology

26. Goat support to the trained right holders

27. Training on duck rearing through adaptive technology

28. Duck support to the trained right holders

29. Training of fish culture existing and New RH

30. Provide soft loan/ linkage with microfinance organization to promote small entrepreneurship (existing and new RH)

31. Market linkages developed through providing updated market information

32. Climate Adaptive Early Vegetable Cultivation (EVC) training to project rights holders

33. Seed & materials support to the trained right holders for cultivate Climate Adaptive Early Vegetable Cultivation (EVC)

34. Model development of alternative livelihood option (handicraft)

35. Gender sensetize

36. Organize workshop to form a linkage with disaster management committee at various level

37. Training and awareness development workshop on disaster preparedness with various diaster committee, community leaders, Religious leaders, teachers

38. Raise plinth of the household level

39. Training on disaster management to rights holders

40. community level climate adaptive seeds production and preservation

41. Establishment of raised disaster shelter

42. Establishment of community resource and information center. (new area)

43. National Disaster Preparedness (NDPD) and Mitigation Day (NDMD) observation

44. Published and disseminate posters

45. Raised safe drinking water points

46. Provide emergency support service (kind)

47. Sanitation coverage

48. Reform community base common property (re-excavation of watersheds/ canal/ musk)

49. Sapling and plant support for a forestation in road side and homestead which is implement with coordination and consultation with local government and sub district line department of GOB at local level

50. Introduce innovative approach and technology among the new right holders to start new form of production system

51. Drop out adolesent girls re enrole to school

52. Assets transfer to existing and new rightholders for recover the climate shoks (seed, materials etc)

53. Local level seminar to aware the stakeholders (LGI, line department, CBOs, CSOs, rightholders)

54. Local level dialogue workshop on resposibilities of GOB line department regarding climate change

55. Advocay workshop with govt.line department

56. Exposure visit to similar ecological context with intervention for exchange of knowledge

57. Sharing workshop with right holders on Exposure visit learning

58. Community food and seed bank visit (Philipine-2 person)

59. Sharing workshop with right holders on Community food and seeds bank

 

11. Implementation Plan:

Shariatpur Develop Society-SDS

RESOLVE project

Work plan for bridging period (Janu to June)-2013

 

Duration Factor

 

PART-A- Propgramme cost Unit Qty. Unit Total Qty. January February March April May June

Objective-1: To demonstrate food secure adaptation of agriculture to climate change

1.1.1 Training on adaptation measures days 1 Parson 50 25 25

1.1.2 Workshop on year round vegetable cultivation to modify days 1 Parson 20 20

1.1.3 Workshop on hanging vegetable cultivation to modify days 1 Parson 20 20

1.1.4 Workshop on floating seed beds to modify days 1 Parson 20 20

1.1.5 Training on modified year round vegetable cultivation days 2 Parson 50 25 25

1.1.6 Training on modified Hanging vegetable cultivation days 2 Parson 50 25 25

1.1.7 Training on modified floating seed beds development days 2 Parson 50 25 25

1.1.8 Demonstration plot to widely experiment of year round vegetable cultivation half yearly 1 Nos. 45 30 10

1.1.9 Demonstration plot to widely experiment of hanging vegetable cultivation half yearly 1 Nos. 30 30

1.1.10 Demonstration plot to widely experiment of floating seed beds half yearly 1 Nos. 30 30

1.1.11 Training on saline and flood tolarent cultivation techniques and technologies yearly 1 Parson 40 20 20

1.1.12 Provide saline and flood tolerant seed and materials to the farmers term 1 Person 40 40

1.1.13 Provide support to raised homestead garden term 1 Person 40 20 20

1.1.14 Training to the potential farmers to develop a facilitator group days 3 Person 20 20

1.1.15 Learning sharing meeting with farmers (farmers field schools) half yearly 6 Person 20 1 1 1 1 1 1

1.1.16 Provide technical and technological support to produce and preserve improved seed term 1 Person 40 20 20

1.1.17 Training on compost preparation Days 2 Person 25 15 10

1.1.18 Support for compost production plants term 1 Nos. 25 15 10

 

Objective-2: To diversify livelihood options for reduction in poverty of the climate vulnerables giving more emphasis on women headed households

1.2.1 Training on homestead level vegetable gardening Day 1 Person 50 25 25

1.2.2 Materials support to the trained right holder for homestead gardening Half yerly 1 Person 50 25 25

1.2.3 Workshop on hogla mat to modify Day 1 Person 20 20

1.2.4 Workshop on Bamboo handicraft to modify Day 1 Person 20 20

1.2.5 Training and refreshers on hogla mat preparation Day 1 Person 50 25 25

1.2.6 Training and refreshers on Bamboo-handicraft preparation Day 1 Person 50 25 25

1.2.7 Materials support to the trained right holders for Hogla mat Term 1 Person 50 25 25

1.2.8 Materials support to the trained right holders for Bamboo handicraft Term 1 Person 50 25 25

1.2.9 Training and refreshers on fish culture Day 1 Person 20 20

1.2.10 Materials support for fish culture Term 1 Person 20 20

 

Objective-3: To strenghten community resilience to absorb, recover and reorganize to, and from, climatic shocks

1.3.1 Formation of small enterpreneur group Group 10 person 20 10

1.3.2 Paddle van provide to small enterpreneur group Group 10 Nos. 1 5 5

1.3.3 Training on disaster management to rights holders days 2 person 50 25 25

1.3.4 National Disaster Preparedness (NDPD) and Mitigation Day (NDMD) observation term 1 nr 1 1

 

12. Project Budget: 47,60,000/-(duration-October 2010-december-2011) ,1,25,00000/-(duration-January 2011-december 2011),49,28,000/-(bridging period –jan2013-june-2013)

13. Expected Result:

 

Outcomes that potentially will contribute to policy and practice changes Milestones of progress towards the outcomes

During the 15 months (Oct 2010- 31st Dec 2011) of the project period, for each outcome specify one significant and representative indicator of progress. What will be achieved and when? Milestones can be annual objectives or outputs.

 

Adative Agriculture: Objectives-1

300 right holders (smallholders, landless, fisherman, women headed hhs) families are mobilised through 15 groups and formation of 4 producer groups on village level in 1 union (Nalmori) in Goshairhat upazila under Shariatpur District.

Mobilized 15 right holders (smallholders, landless, fisherman, women headed hhs) and formation of 2 producer groups in village level under Nalmori union

At least 100 families will cover the baseline survey (including Livelihoods activities and availability of strategies & practices to offsetting climate vulnerability) Base line reports produced where cover livelihoods activities and availability of strategies & practices to offsetting climate vulnerability information.

Community level:

Identified various type of adaptive techniques and technology for agriculture under proposed working union 1 nos. of assessment facilitate for Identified various type of adaptive techniques and technology for agriculture under proposed working union

120 right holders enhanced their knowledge on adaptation measures through training/ workshop 60 right holders enhanced their knowledge on adaptation measures through training/ workshop

10 nos. of different demonstration plot to introduced on climate adaptive agriculture technologies 5 nos. of different demonstration plot to introduced on climate adaptive agriculture technologies

 

15 nos. of community base project implementation committees (PIC) will formed 15 nos. of community base project implementation committees (PIC) will formed

HHs level

12 nos of new cropping pattern and promote alternative crop production (sand bar cropping; maize, pumpkin etc) system implement for extension 6 nos of new cropping pattern and promote alternative crop production (sand bar cropping; maize, pumpkin etc) system implement for extension

20 nos. of farmer will implement demo plot on saline, flood, and drought tolerant species (seed and materials) 10 nos. of farmer will implement demo plot on saline, flood, and drought tolerant species (seed and materials)

Organize 20 formal meetings/session for Provide technical and technological support to produce and preserve improved seed (formal meeting/session) Organize 10 formal meetings/session for Provide technical and technological support to produce and preserve improved seed (formal meeting/session)

50 homestead garden will raised homestead to safe mode of household assets and increase adaptive vegetable production and income 25 homestead will raised homestead to safe mode of household assets and increase adaptive vegetable production and income

Objectives-2

2. Diversifying livelihood options

Community level

Existing income generating activities will reflected through Assessment of productive on-farm, off- farm and non- farm 1 nos of assessment will conduct on productive on-farm, off- farm and non- farm income generating activities

2 batch Skill and knowledge development training will facilitate for Income Generating Activities (IGA) and women employment increased. 1 batch Skill and knowledge development training will facilitate for Income Generating Activities (IGA) and women employment increased.

19 right holders (including 4 producer groups) Savings association form for accumulation of community savings (formal meeting, saving books, and documents/materials preparation) 17 right holders (including 2 producer groups) Savings association form for accumulation of community savings (formal meeting, saving books, and documents/materials preparation)

4 nos of producer group will form to Ensure free and fair market accessibility ( group session, market linkage, formal meeting, meeting with market vendor) 2 nos of producer group will form to Ensure free and fair market accessibility ( group session, market linkage, formal meeting, meeting with market vendor)

HH level- women empowerment/ different income options

Transfer of livelihood assets to generate supplementary income sources: Average Income has increased with at least 20% per family through:

20 families have started cow rearing through training and distribution of cows 20 families have started cow rearing through training and distribution of cows

50 families have started goat rearing through training and distribution of goat 25 families have started goat rearing through training and distribution of goat

50 families have started duck rearing through training and distribution of duck chick 25 families have started duck rearing through training and distribution of duck chick

35 families have started IGA activities through receive of soft loan and linkage with microfinance organization to promote small entrepreneurship 25 families have started IGA activities through receive of soft loan and linkage with microfinance organization to promote small entrepreneurship

Market linkages developed through providing updated market information 2 producer group will updated daily market information through market vendors

50 families are doing Climate Adaptive Early Vegetable Cultivation through training, seed and other materials support 25 families are doing Climate Adaptive Early Vegetable Cultivation through training, seed and other materials support

Objectives-3

Strenghten community resilience

Community level: absorb

Various level of disaster management committees are better prepared for climatic disaster and acts timely and efficiently through organize workshop 1 nos of organize workshop for Various level of disaster management committees to better prepared for climatic disaster and acts timely and efficiently

50 nos. of various disaster committee, community leaders, Religious leaders, teachers will trained and awareness development workshop on disaster preparedness 25 nos. of various disaster committee, community leaders, Religious leaders, teachers will trained and awareness development workshop on disaster preparedness

Household level: Absorb

50 Plinth raised of the household level 25 Plinth raised of the household level

120 right holders will enhance mgt knowledge on disaster management 60 right holders will enhance mgt knowledge on disaster management

Communit level-Recovery

Recovery

Community level

10 nos of seed and food bank will establishment at community level (seed preserve structure) —- it is planned for 2nd year

1 nos of raised disaster shelter at community level – It is planned for 2nd year

HH level Recovery

. Promote crop insurance mechanism – It is planned for 2nd year

50 families will Provide emergency support service(kind) for recovery of losses 25 families will Provide emergency support service(kind) for recovery of losses

Re-organization

Community level

4 nos. of Establishment of community resource and information center consisting adaptation information, model, tool kit, manual etc which is utilized by the community 2 nos. of Establishment of community resource and information center consisting adaptation information, model, tool kit, manual etc which is utilized by the community

2 nos. of national disaster preparedness day observed for campaign and mass people awareness and campaign (e.g. national disaster preparedness and mitigation day (observation of “National Disaster Preparedness Day (NDPD)-31 March and National Disaster Mitigation Day (NDMD)” )-October 2 nos. of national disaster preparedness day observed for campaign and mass people awareness and campaign (e.g. national disaster preparedness and mitigation day (observation of “National Disaster Preparedness Day (NDPD)-31 March and National Disaster Mitigation Day (NDMD)” )-October

1000 nos. of poster will Published and disseminate during the observe NDPD & NDMD 1000 nos. of poster will Published and disseminate during the observe NDPD & NDMD

4 nos of Raised safe drinking water points will established at community level , 2 nos of Raised safe drinking water points will established at community level ,

2 nos of community base common property ( re-excavation of watersheds/ canal/ musk) will reform 1 nos of community base common property ( re-excavation of watersheds/ canal/ musk) will reform

5000 nos. of Sapling and plant support for a forestation in road side and homestead which is implement with coordination and consultation with local government and sub district line department of GOB at local level 2500 nos. of Sapling and plant support for a forestation in road side and homestead which is implement with coordination and consultation with local government and sub district line department of GOB at local level

HH level Re-organization

10 nos of Introduce innovative approach and technology to start new form of production system at household level 5 nos of Introduce innovative approach and technology to start new form of production system at household level

Assets transfer(seed, materials etc) to 50 nos of right holders as a part of technology transfer Assets transfer(seed, materials etc) to 25 nos of right holders as a part of technology transfer

Objective -4

2 nos Local level seminar will organize to aware the stakeholders (LGI, line department, CBOs, CSOs, right holders) 1 no’s Local level seminar will organize to aware the stakeholders (LGI, line department, CBOs, CSOs, right holders)

14. Challenges:

Challenge: Most of the right holders are not aware about the benefit of adaptive technology. That is why they didn’t feel interest to practice that technology as per our expectation.

Overcoming strategy: We are following different approach to make them aware on adaptive technology e;g: Training, workshop, demonstration, court yard meeting etc.

Challenge: It’s a great challenge to change the beliefs of community people on the traditional cultivation technique.

Overcoming strategy: We are making demonstration to make the community people adaptive in new technology.

Sudden foggy weather damaged the demonstration plots of cumin and water-melon.

Some seeds germination was failed due to infertility and impurity.

Contaminated fertilizers and pesticides hampered agricultural production.

15. Lesson Learnt:

Learning issue:

• Climate Change impact

• Adaptation

• Adaptive Agriculture

• Resilience

• Ecosystem Approach

• Sustainable Livelihood

• Management

• Gender mainstreaming

• Seed management in face of Climate Change

• Divergence and Convergence between DRR and CCA implications application

• Designing strategies for achieving project goal

• Agriculture and Climate Change search for sustainability

• Resilience in practice nature to society

• Data collection, triangulation, analysis techniques

• Using statistical tools to analyze data ( Training on SPSS)

• Community based adaptation to Climate Change

• Designing activity cycle ( from planning to implementation )

• Preparing gender checklist for RESOLVE

During the reporting period it was observed that the knowledge level of community people on climate change are very poor. Community people follow their indigenous knowledge to fight with different climatic hazard. They believe that the disaster like flood, cyclone, salinity, river erosion, altered rainfall pattern and drought, water logging happened by God which is out of their control. In this regard, motivational work and demonstration of adaptation trial are needed for long term impact to the community people. After starting the RESOLVE project, positive attitude on climate change adaptation among the Resolve community and right holders have been increased.

Major lessons learnt from the project are as follows:

 

• Information delivery at community level through Religious Leader is more effective and acceptable to the community.

• Awareness programme of RESOLVE, especially Court Yard meeting are more effective to make community people more aware on climate change like increasing temperature, frequent cyclone and storm as well as increasing salinity.

• Religious leader, political leader, LEBs and local elite will put more attention on women climate vulnerability, if we can sensitize them.

• Climatic vulnerable women need more motivation for ensuring food security.

• Culture friendly demonstration trial is an effective tool to sensitize and behavioral change for farmers in terms of adaptive agriculture.

• Fair market price of agriculture production is need for vulnerable producer group to continuation of their production.

16. Project Activity Pictures (Minimum 15 pcs Soft Copy)

Please find the attachment

 

17. Project Case Study:

Success of Mrs. Bilkis Begume in Year round vegetable cultivation

 

Success of Mr. Rafiqul Islam in Year round vegetable cultivation:

Charmonpura Khunerchar is a village of Gosairhat Upazila. Many households of this village became landless and go under the poverty line due to riverbank erosion. Some household faced riverbank erosion in multiple times. Mr. Rafikul Islam is the member of that kind of household. Mr. Rafikul holds a large family with his old parents, spouse and four children. When river destroyed his house he shifted a land lord’s area and started living as (Rayot). He loaned money from Bank and local merchant and went to Kuwait for income. But unfortunately he could not sustain in Kuwait and return back. He lost all of his capital and operated family by selling of his household elements like Ornaments, Cow and other things. At the time he decided to start agriculture and started it in shared land but he also failed this first time because of crops damaged for salinity.

Income statement

Crops Income

Indian spines 1500/=

Red amaranths 850/=

Amaranths 480/=

Beetle gourds 4000/=

Sponge gourds 2300/=

Okra 5600/=

Aram / Taro 400/=

Cucumbers 1800/=

Snacked gourds 32000/=

Sweet pumpkin 2900/=

Bottle gourds 1800/=

White gourds 1500/=

Radish 1200/=

Papaya 1900/=

Total 58230/=

Rafikul was still to agriculture and started alternative cropping like various vegetable. Success was coming close to Rafik day by day. Earlier of the year 2012 Rafik shared about his cropping with SDS RESOLVE staffs. RESOLVE team started continue technical support to Rafik and he become a successful vegetable cultivator. Rafik cultivate vegetable at 8 decimal lands in this year. Major vegetables are; Indian spinach, Red amaranths, Amaranths, Beetle gourds , Sponge gourds, Okra, Aram / Taro, Cucumbers, Snacked gourds, Sweet pumpkin, Bottle gourds, White gourds, Radish, Papaya etc. Rafik got enough success to the vegetable cultivations. Rafik is highly satisfied about his agro production and he also thankful to RESOLVE staffs and Oxfam Novib for implementation the RESOLVE project. He expected more people will be involved with same activity and the village Charmonpura Khunerchar will appreciate as an agro Model village. His belief anybody can reduce poverty by practicing of agriculture if the support be ensured.

 

18. Evaluation: Please see the attachment

19. Report: Same as evaluation

 

Note: All information soft copy

Highlights

First international meeting of the Girl Power! program in Leiden, The Netherlands Soccer for girls, success for all


Shariatpur Development Society (SDS), the Bangladeshi NGO which implements the program in the district of Shariatpur, has been one of the members of the meeting.


Key similarities like the empowerment of women through sports were discussed by the representatives from Ethiopia, Sierra Leone, Nicaragua, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal.


First international meeting of the Girl Power! program in Leiden, The Netherlands Soccer for girls, success for all


Shariatpur Development Society (SDS), the Bangladeshi NGO which implements the program in the district of Shariatpur, has been one of the members of the meeting.


Key similarities like the empowerment of women through sports were discussed by the representatives from Ethiopia, Sierra Leone, Nicaragua, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal.


First international meeting of the Girl Power! program in Leiden, The Netherlands Soccer for girls, success for all


Shariatpur Development Society (SDS), the Bangladeshi NGO which implements the program in the district of Shariatpur, has been one of the members of the meeting.


Key similarities like the empowerment of women through sports were discussed by the representatives from Ethiopia, Sierra Leone, Nicaragua, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal.


First international meeting of the Girl Power! program in Leiden, The Netherlands Soccer for girls, success for all


Shariatpur Development Society (SDS), the Bangladeshi NGO which implements the program in the district of Shariatpur, has been one of the members of the meeting.


Key similarities like the empowerment of women through sports were discussed by the representatives from Ethiopia, Sierra Leone, Nicaragua, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal.


First international meeting of the Girl Power! program in Leiden, The Netherlands Soccer for girls, success for all


Shariatpur Development Society (SDS), the Bangladeshi NGO which implements the program in the district of Shariatpur, has been one of the members of the meeting.


Key similarities like the empowerment of women through sports were discussed by the representatives from Ethiopia, Sierra Leone, Nicaragua, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal.


First international meeting of the Girl Power! program in Leiden, The Netherlands Soccer for girls, success for all


Shariatpur Development Society (SDS), the Bangladeshi NGO which implements the program in the district of Shariatpur, has been one of the members of the meeting.


Key similarities like the empowerment of women through sports were discussed by the representatives from Ethiopia, Sierra Leone, Nicaragua, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal.


First international meeting of the Girl Power! program in Leiden, The Netherlands Soccer for girls, success for all


Shariatpur Development Society (SDS), the Bangladeshi NGO which implements the program in the district of Shariatpur, has been one of the members of the meeting.


Key similarities like the empowerment of women through sports were discussed by the representatives from Ethiopia, Sierra Leone, Nicaragua, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal.


First international meeting of the Girl Power! program in Leiden, The Netherlands Soccer for girls, success for all


Shariatpur Development Society (SDS), the Bangladeshi NGO which implements the program in the district of Shariatpur, has been one of the members of the meeting.


Key similarities like the empowerment of women through sports were discussed by the representatives from Ethiopia, Sierra Leone, Nicaragua, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal.


Case Studies

  • Bilkis Begum

    Mrs Bilkis Begume in Year round vegetable cultivation

  • Rafiqul Islam

    Mr. Rafiqul Islam in Year round vegetable cultivation

  • Jasmin Begum

    Jasmin Begum gained through cultivating fish in her pond